By his preaching and his attack on heathenism, Mohammed provoked persecution which drove him from Mecca to Medina in 622, the year of the Hejira (Flight) and the beginning of the Mohammedan Era.At Medina he was recognized as the prophet of God, and his followers increased.He approved of assassination, when it furthered his cause; however barbarous or treacherous the means, the end justified it in his eyes; and in more than one case he not only approved, but also instigated the crime.Concerning his moral character and sincerity, contradictory opinions have been expressed by scholars in the last three centuries.
She bore him six children, all of whom died very young except Fatima, his beloved daughter.Maracci held that Mohammed and Mohammedanism were not very dissimilar to Luther and Protestantism.Spanheim and D'Herbelot characterize him as a "wicked impostor", and a "dastardly liar", while Prideaux stamps him as a wilful deceiver. Modern scholars, such as Sprenger, Noldeke, Weil, Muir, Koelle, Grimme, Margoliouth, give us a more correct and unbiased estimate of Mohammed's life and character, and substantially agree as to his motives, prophetic call, personal qualifications, and sincerity.The Koran is perhaps the only reliable source for the leading events in his career. All these collections and biographies are based on the so-called Hadiths, or "traditions", the historical value of which is more than doubtful.His earliest and chief biographers are Ibn Ishaq (A. These traditions, in fact, represent a gradual, and more or less artificial, legendary development, rather than supplementary historical information.