This abuse/violence can take a number of forms: sexual assault, sexual harassment, threats, physical violence, verbal, mental, or emotional abuse, social sabotage, and stalking.
It can include psychological abuse, emotional blackmail, sexual abuse, physical abuse and psychological manipulation.
Dating abuse is a pattern of behaviors one person uses to gain and maintain power and control over their partner.
Many people assume abuse means that physical violence is happening, but that’s not always the case!
The Centre for Promoting Alternatives to Violence describes abusers as being obsessively jealous and possessive, overly confident, having mood swings or a history of violence or temper, seeking to isolate their partner from family, friends and colleagues, and having a tendency to blame external stressors.
Meanwhile, victims of relationship abuse share many traits as well, including: physical signs of injury, missing time at work or school, slipping performance at work or school, changes in mood or personality, increased use of drugs or alcohol, and increasing isolation from friends and family.
Online courses provide key info on bullying, dating violence Two interactive distance-learning courses, Bullying 101 and Teen Dating Violence 101, provide key information about bullying, cyber bullying, and dating violence and explain how to create safe, healthy environments and relationships.
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Kupper, "Partner Violence among Adolescents in Opposite-Sex Romantic Relationships: Findings from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health," American Journal of Public Health 91, no.
Miller-Johnson, S., Gorman-Smith, D., Sullivan, T., Orpinas, P., Simon, T. Journal fo Clinical Child and Adoelscent Psychology, 38(4), 538 - 550.
Christopher, "Romance and Violence in Dating Relationships," Journal of Family Issues 4, no.
Report on Recognizing, Fighting and Surviving Date and Acquaintance Rape (New York: Harper and Row, 1988). Carol Sousa, "The Dating Violence Intervention Project," in Dating Violence: Young Women in Danger, ed.